“Acne vulgaris (cystic acne or simply acne) is a common human skin disease, characterized by areas of skin with Seborrhea (scaly red skin), comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) ,papules (pinheads), pustules (pimples) , nodules (large papules) and possibly scarring.”
Acne affects mostly skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles these areas include the face, the upper part of the chest, and the back. Severe acne is inflammatory but acne can also manifest in non- inflammatory forms. The lesions are caused by changes in pilosebaceous units, skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and its associated sebaceous gland, changes that require androgen stimulation.
Acne is mostly due to the way skin reacts to hormonal changes. The skin contains sebaceous glands that naturally release sebum, an oily substance that helps protect it. During puberty, raised levels of the hormone testosterone can cause too much sebum to be produced. This happens in both boys and girls.
The sebum can block hair follicles. When dead skin cells mix with the blockage, it can lead to the formation of spots. Bacteria in the skin multiply, which can cause pain and swelling (inflammation) beneath the blockages
There are different kinds of spots which in term lead to acne: Blackheads are small, blocked pores, Whiteheads are small, hard bumps with a white centre, Pustules are spots with a lot of pus visible. Nodules are hard, painful lumps under the skin
Acne most commonly develops on the face – this affects almost everyone with acne, The back – this affects over half of people with acne and the chest – this affects about 15% of people with acne
Unfortunately there are complications of Acne, These include Scarring. Hyperpigmentation and Psychological problems. Up to one in five people with acne have scarring that is socially noticeable. If you pick and squeeze your spots, you may get 'ice pick' scars. These are initially purple in colour before fading to a whitish colour. Rarely, 'keloid' (lumpy, painful and itchy) scars may develop on your chest and back.
Hyperpigmentation can also occur (your skin becomes darker in the areas affected by acne). You're more likely to have hyperpigmentation if you have a dark skin tone. Furthermore, Psychological problems can arise Acne may cause you to have low self-esteem or feel angry about the appearance of your skin, especially if you have scarring.
If your acne is more widespread, for example if you have a large number of papules and pustules, or if over-the-counter medication hasn’t worked, you probably need prescription medication such as topical retinoids, topical antibiotics and antibiotic tablets.
At the London Medical and Aesthetic clinic we offer medically prescribed skin products from Obagi to treat active acne and help dramatically improve the condition of the skin.
For the after effects of acne such as scaring we offer the most advanced treatments including Dermaroller, Chemical peels, Smartskin Co2 fractional laser and Sculptra for deep acne scaring. These require repeated treatments over time. Patience is essential: Sticking with these scar removal treatments for the long haul will get you more of the flawless complexion you desire.
For more information about Acne or to book a consultation
please call London Medical and Aesthetic Clinic at 1 Harley Street
on 0208 342 1100 or email info@Lmaclinic.com